Sovereignty


The qualifications and the definition of a sovereign state derive from article 1 of the Montevideo Convention of 1933. The convention sets out the definition, rights and duties of statehood. According to the Convention, a state should possess the following qualifications:

– A permanent population
– A defined territory
– Government
– Capacity to enter into relations with the other states

Furthermore, the first sentence of article 3 explicitly states that “The political existence of the state is independent of recognition by the other states.” This is known as the declarative theory of statehood which defines a state as a person of international law that meets certain structural criteria, regardless of whether or not that state has received the recognition of other states.

Portmanteau


“Portmanteau word” is used to describe a linguistic blend, namely “a word formed by blending sounds from two or more distinct words and combining their meanings.” This definition overlaps with the grammatical term contraction. As an example of the latter, the words do and not become the contraction don’t, a single word that represents the meaning of the combined words. A distinction can be made between the portmanteau and a contraction by noting that contractions can only be formed with two words that would otherwise appear in sequence within the sentence, whereas a portmanteau word is typically formed by combining two or more existing words that all relate to a singular concept which the portmanteau word is meant to describe. An example is the well-known portmanteau word “Spanglish”, referring to speaking a mix of both Spanish and English spoken between bilingual people. In this case, there is no logical situation in which the speaker would say “Spanish English” in place of the portmanteau word in the same way they could say “do not” in place of the contraction “don’t”, or “we are” in place of “we’re”.

Greed Logic


“If I like chocolate it won’t surprise you that I have a few chocolates in my fridge, but if you find out I’ve got sixteen warehouses full of chocolate, you’d think I was insane. All these rich guys are insane, obsessive compulsive twits obsessed with money — money is all they think about — they’re all nuts.”

– John Cleese