The urban myth that a ship’s captain cannot marry people was invented by the film industry.
The urban myth that lemmings jump over cliffs was invented by a 1905 children’s encyclopaedia.
Caravaggio’s real name was Michelangelo.
The steam engine was invented by Hero of Alexandria, and was named the Aeolipile. The railway was invented seven hundred years earlier by Periander of Corinth. The modern steam engine was invented by Richard Trevithick.
When Stephenson’s Rocket was introduced, people were concerned that travelling at such high speeds could cause irreparable brain damage.