The Paris Defence is one of Black’s responses to the Italian Game. It begins with the moves:
- e4 e5
- Nf3 Nc6
- Bc4 d6
The ECO code for the Paris Defence is C50 (part of the Italian Game). The Paris Defence was named after the game Rodzinski–Alekhine, which was played in Paris, in 1913.
[Moves 4. and 5.] White castles early and plays 4. o-o. Black responds with 4. … Bg4 and pins the Knight on f3 to the White Queen on d1. To deploy the Paris Trap, White wants to keep the tension on the f3 knight and use the pin to its advantage later on.
In the next move, White develops its other Knight and plays 5. Nc3, preparing the c3 Knight to jump to d5 in the execution of the trap. Then, Black will most likely seize the opportunity to take control of the centre and play 5. … Nd4, thereby piling up on the White Knight on f3.
[Moves 6. to 8.] White surprises Black with the move 6. Nf3xe5!, capturing the pawn on e5, but more importantly, moving out of the pin and exposing his Queen on d1 to the Bishop on g4. Black cannot but take the hanging Queen and play 6. … Bxd1.
As always, when your opponent sacrifices a piece like this – especially when the Queen is sacrificed – you should be aware that the other player is up to something. (Providing your opponent does not actually blunder.)
At this stage, White actually executes the Paris Trap with 7. Bxf7+, which wins with Ke7 (only move), allowing White to mate in one with 8. Nd5#, and it’s all over.
See other: Chess Traps