Appeal to Emotions


Rhetorical fallacies are subtle errors in speech and writing. – The manipulation of rhetoric and logical thinking. The following fallacies can be categorised as ‘Appeal to Emotions’.

Appeal to consequences of a belief

Arguing a belief is false because it implies something you’d rather not believe.

“That can’t be the Senator on that sextape. If it were, he’d be lying about not knowing her. And he’s not the kind of man who would lie.”

Appeal to fear

An argument is made by increasing fear and prejudice towards the opposing side.

“Before you know it there will be more mosques than churches.”

Appeal to flattery

Using an irrelevant compliment to slip in an unfounded claim which is accepted along with the compliment.

“Intelligent and sophisticated readers will of course recognise a fallacy like this when they read one.”

Appeal to nature

Making your claim seem more true by drawing a comparison with the “good” natural world.

“Of course smoking weed is unnatural. You don’t see this in the animal world.”

Appeal to pity

Attempt to induce pity to sway opponents.

“The former dictator is an odd, dying man. It’s wrong to make him stand trial for these alleged offences.”

Appeal to ridicule

Presenting the opponent’s argument in a way that makes it appear absurd.

“Faith in God is like believing in Santa Claus and the Tooth Fairy.”

Appeal to spite

Dismissing a claim by appealing to personal bias against the claimant.

“Don’t you just hate how those rich Liberal Hollywood actors go on TV to promote their agendas?”

Appeal to wishful thinking

Suggesting a claim is true or false just because you strongly hope it is.

“The President wouldn’t lie. He’s our leader and a good American.”

See other: Rhetorical Fallacies

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