The 1st Conjugation


Source: Oulton. N.R.R. 2010. So You Really Want To Learn Latin Book I Tenterden, Great Britain: Galore Park Publishing (1999).

Chapter I – Verbs: the 1st conjugation

Example verb: “amō = I love, I like”

The Present Tense
– tells us what is happening now.

amō – I love – [1st person singular]
amās – You (sing.) love – [2nd person singular]
amat – He/she/it loves – [3rd person singular]
amāmus – We love – [1st person plural]
amātis – You (pl.) love – [2nd person plural]
amant – They love – [3rd person plural]

N.B. the Latin present tense in English can be love, am loving, or do love.

The Future Tense
– tells us what will or shall be happening in the future.

amā – I shall love, will love
amābis – You (sing.) shall love, will love
amābit – He/she/it shall love, will love
amābimus – We shall love, will love
amābitis – You (pl.) shall love, will love
amābunt – They shall love, will love

The Imperfect Tense
– tells us what was happening or used to happen in the past.

amābam – I was loving, used to love
amābās – You (sing.) were loving, used to love
amābat – He/she/it was loving, used to love
amābāmus – We were loving, used to love
amābātis – You (pl.) were loving, used to love
amābant – They were loving, used to love

The Perfect Tense
– tells us what has happened in the past.

amāvī – I have loved
amāvistī – You (sing.) have loved
amāvit – He/she/it has loved
amāvimus – We have loved
amāvistis – You (pl.) have loved
amāvērunt – They have loved

Principal Parts
– there are four main parts of the verb, from which all other parts can be formed.

1. am-ō – I love
2. amā-re – To love
3. amāv-ī – I have loved
4. amāt-um – In order to love

  1. The first principal part is the first person singular of the present tense and gives us the basic meaning of the verb.
  2. The second principal part is the present infinitive, and is used to find the present stem of the verb (by chopping of -re).
  3. The third principal part is the 1st person singular of the perfect tense, and is used to find the perfect stem of the verb (by chopping off the -ī).
  4. The fourth principal part is the supine. This is a very rare part of the verb, but is useful as it gives us (by chopping off the -um) the supine stem, used for forming some of the passive tenses of the verb.

Aeneas and the Origins of Rome


‘So who are these Romans anyway? According to legend Rome was founded by Romulus 753 B.C. However the story starts long before that, dating back to the time of the Trojan War.

Aeneas tells Dido the misfortunes of the Troja...

Aeneas tells Dido the misfortunes of the Trojan War

The ancient city of Troy was captured and destroyed in around 1250 B.C. by a Greek army led by Agamemnon, king of Mycenae. All of its inhabitants were either killed or led into slavery; all, except for a brave band of men led by the Trojan prince. Aeneas. This man, the son of the goddess Venus, was ordered to set out from the burning city, carrying the household gods, with his aged father Anchinses on his back and holding his young son Ascanius (or Iulius) by the hand. After many adventures and a long dangerous journey, Aeneas eventually arrived in Italy where he fought with a local prince, Turnus, for the hand of Lavinia, daughter of king Latinus. After defeating Turnus, Aeneas married the girl and built a new city called Lavinium. These stories are told in Virgil’s great epic poem the Aeneid.

Aeneas’s son, Ascanius, soon left Lavinium and went off to found his own city. It was in this city, Alba Longa, many generations later, that the true founder of Rome, Romulus, was born.’

– Oulton. N.R.R. 2010. So You Really Want To Learn Latin Book I Tenterden, Great Britain: Galore Park Publishing (1999) p. 14