Ancient Greek You Know (δ)


Learning about the Classics can enrich one’s life enormously. Indeed, for some, understanding Greek is a κτῆμα ἐς ἀεί, a “possession for eternity”. Interestingly, people tend to be more familiar with Ancient Greek than they know. Consider the following words:

ἄξιος – axios meaning ‘worthy’; axiom, an assumption whose worth is evident.

ἀρχή – arkhe meaning ‘beginning’, ‘rule’ or ’empire’; anarchy, the absence of rule.

διδάκω – didako meaning ‘to teach’; didactics, the art of teaching.

δίκη – dike meaning ‘justice’; theodicy, a vindication of divine justice.

ἡμέρα – hemera meaning ‘day’; ephemeral, lasting only for a day.

θάλαττα – thalatta meaning ‘sea’; thalassocracy, the rule over the sea.

θάπτω – thapto meaning ‘to bury’; epitath, inscription where someone is buried.

κακός – kakos meaning ‘bad’, ‘evil’; cacophony, discordant sounds.

καλός – kalos meaning ‘beautiful’, ‘noble’ or ‘good’; callisthenics, healthy exercises.

μετά – meta meaning ‘with’, ‘after’; metaphysics, things beyond the physical realm.

μοῖρα – moira meaning ‘fate’; merit, the portion with one deserves.

Μοῦσα – mousa meaning ‘Muse’; music, an art which the muses superintended.

ὅπλον – hoplon meaning ‘tool’, ‘weapons’; panoply, an array of weapons.

πάλαι – palai meaning ‘long ago’; Palaeolithic, the old Stone Age.

ποιητής – poietes meaning ‘poet’; a person who writes poems.

πολίτης – polites meaning ‘citizen’; politics, certain manoeuvres between people.

συν – syn meaning ‘plus’; synchronize, to time things together with another.

τάττω – tatto meaning ‘station’, ‘appoint’; syntax, the way words are drawn up.

See other: Ancient Greek You Know

Ancient Greek You Know (γ)


Learning about the Classics can enrich one’s life enormously. Indeed, for some, understanding Greek is a κτῆμα ἐς ἀεί, a “possession for eternity”. Interestingly, people tend to know more Ancient Greek than they think. Consider the following words:

ἆθλον – athlon meaning ‘prize’; athlete.

ἀντί – anti meaning ‘instead of’; anti, a preposition indicating opposition.

γράφω – grapho meaning ‘I write’; graphic, e.g. descriptive.

δῆμος – demos meaning ‘people’; demo, an example of a product.

δημοκρατία – demokratia meaning ‘democracy’; democracy.

διά – dia meaning ‘through; on account of’; diagonal, joining two non-adjacent vertices.

εἰρήνη – eirehneh meaning ‘peace’; Irene, common European name.

ἐκκλησία – eklesia meaning ‘assembly’; ecclesiastical, pertaining to a church.

νίκη – nikeh meaning ‘victory’; Nike, a type of missile; well-known brand of sportswear.

ὀφθαλμός – ophthalmos meaning ‘eye’; ophthalmologist, eye doctor.

παύω – pauo meaning ‘I stop’; pause, to stop or interrupt.

περί – peri meaning ‘about; around’; perimeter, the outer limits of an area.

φυλάττω – phylatto meaning ‘I guard’; prophylactic, a preventive.

See other: Ancient Greek You Know

Ancient Greek You Know (β)


Learning about the Classics can enrich one’s life enormously. Indeed, for some, understanding Greek is a κτῆμα ἐς ἀεί, a “possession for eternity”. Interestingly, people tend to know more Ancient Greek than they think. Consider the following words:

ἄγγελος – angelos meaning ‘messenger’; angel, a metaphysical spirit.

ἀπό – apo meaning ‘away from’; apogee, farthest point from the Earth.

ἐΰ – eu meaning ‘well’; eugenics, science of well produced babies.

ζῷον – zóon meaning ‘animal’; zoology, biology of the animal kingdom.

ξένος – xenos meaning ‘foreigner’; xenophobia, the fear of foreigners.

οὐ – oe meaning ‘not’; utopia, an ideal and imaginary place.

παράpara meaning ‘from / at / to’; parallel, lines beside each other.

πόλεμος – polemos meaning ‘war’; polemic, a warlike saying.

στέφανος – stephanos meaning ‘crown’; Stephen, common European name.

φίλος – philos meaning ‘friend’; philosophy, the study of wisdom.

χρυσός  – krysos meaning ‘gold’; chrysanthemum, a golden flower.

See other: Ancient Greek You Know

Ancient Greek You Know (α)


Learning about the Classics can enrich one’s life enormously. Indeed, for some, understanding Greek is a κτῆμα ἐς ἀεί, a “possession for eternity”. Interestingly, most people tend to know more Ancient Greek than they might expect. Consider the following words:

ἀγορά – agora meaning ‘marketplace’; agoraphobia, fear of public places.

αδερφός – adelphos meaning ‘brother’; Philadelphia, the city of brotherly love.

ἄνθρωπος – anthropos meaning ‘man’; anthropology.

βιβλίος – biblios meaning ‘book’; bibliophile.

δώρο – doro meaning ‘gift’; donate.

ἐξ / ἐκ – ex meaning ‘out’; ecstatic, standing out of oneself.

ἐν – in meaning ‘in’; energy.

ἔργον – ergon meaning ‘work’; energy.

θεός – theos meaning ‘god’; theology.

καί – kai meaning ‘and’; triskaidekaphobia, literally, ‘the fear of three and ten’.

λόγος – logos meaning ‘word’; logic.

μάχη – makhe meaning ‘battle’; tauromachy i.e. bullfight.

νῆσος – nesos meaning ‘island’; Polynesia.

ὁδός – odos meaning ‘road’; odometer, an instrument that measures distance.

οἶκος – oikos meaning ‘house’; economics, that is, managing household finances.

τέχνη – tekhne meaning ‘art’; technology.

ψυχή – psykhe meaning ‘soul’; psychology.

See other: Ancient Greek You Know