1. A psychopathological condition characterized by delusional fantasies of wealth, power, or omnipotence.
  2. An obsession with grandiose or extravagant things or actions.

Megalomania is an unrealistic belief in one’s superiority, grandiose abilities, and even omnipotence. It is characterized by a need for total power and control over others, and is marked by a lack of empathy for anything that is perceived as not feeding the self.

Although megalomania is a term often ascribed to anyone who is power-hungry, the clinical definition is that of a mental illness associated with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD).

Narcissism is most simply defined as self-love. Though it is considered healthy to care about your own well-being and have a healthy self-esteem, when someone loves himself to the exclusion of all else and others become objectified to be used only to serve the self, this is no longer considered healthy or normal.

There are different psychological theories about how and why NPD develops, most of which relate to the integration of different aspects of ego and self as a child, and the nature of the parental roles in that process. Regardless of theory, NPD is characterized by extremely low self-esteem, which is compensated for by delusions of grandeur and megalomania, a narcissistic neuroses. With the propensity to act only on behalf of one’s self, the unbridled need to feed one’s ego, and the objectification of others to serve the power-hungry needs of megalomania, it is easy to see how this can be a recipe for disaster, especially when wrapped in a charismatic personality.


Dyspraxia is a hard condition to explain to people who are not acquainted with it. There are so many aspects to it which make it very difficult to explain it and many dyspraxics have a variety of symptoms that other dyspraxics do not have.

However it can be said that developmental dyspraxia is a chronic neurological disorder beginning in childhood that can affect planning of movements and co-ordination as a result of brain messages not being accurately transmitted to the body.

For example, one dyspraxic may be able to tying shoe laces without difficulty, whereas another dyspraxic may not. Dyspraxia is different in every single individual although there is a general list of problems many dyspraxics face every day.

Dyspraxia is a neurological condition which affects the brain. It prevents messages to and from the brain being transmitted properly. It affects all or any areas of development in children which are mainly these six areas: intellectual; emotional; physical; language; social; sensory.

It may also impair a person’s learning ability. Dyspraxia mainly affects people’s fine and/or gross motor co-ordination as well as many other things.

Dyspraxia causing some many problems, some more common than other but here is a general list of problems dyspraxics face every day:

  • Clumsiness. May drop things, spill things, bump into people, etc.
  • Difficulty writing, both forming letters and the speed. Writing may even be painful.
  • Reading difficulties.
  • Speech problems.
  • Poor short term memory, e.g. if given a list of instructions to carry out, may remember the first and last one but not the ones in between.
  • Awkward walking and running.
  • Trouble using a knife and fork, e.g. cutting food or spreading butter.
  • Sensitive to touch, e.g. uncomfortable brushing your teeth, brushing hair and having it cut and certain clothes uncomfortable to wear.
  • Sensitive to the texture of certain food, e.g. mashed potato
  • Sensitive to sounds, e.g. may not like loud music or the noise from a hoover.
  • Poor concentration, e.g. easily distracted by background noise.
  • Poorly organised, e.g. leaving things you need for school at home
  • Have trouble learning new tasks particularly those involving organization and concentration.
  • Problems carrying out personal hygiene tasks, e.g. cleaning teeth, applying deodorant, cleansing face, etc.
  • Trouble with social skills, e.g. problems reading and understanding body language, trouble understanding distance rules when sitting/standing next to someone, cannot keep eye contact, etc.
  • People will not understand your problems so you may not be accepted socially and you may have trouble making friends.
  • Phobias or obsessive behaviour and impatient.

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An involuntary state of mind which seems to result from a romantic attraction for another person combined with an overwhelming, obsessive need to have one’s feelings reciprocated.

After a year of limerence

A photograph called ‘After a year of limerence’

In simple terms, limerence is a state of mind when you know that you like someone but yet at the same time, you cannot describe it as love.

Standard attachment theory emphasises that many of the most intense emotions arise during the formation, the maintenance, the disruption, and the renewal of attachment relationships.

It has therefore been suggested that the state of limerence is the conscious experience of sexual incentive motivation during attachment formation.


Narcissism is the personality trait of egotism, vanity, conceit, or simple selfishness. Applied to a social group, it is sometimes used to denote elitism or an indifference to the plight of others.

The name narcissism was coined by Sigmund Freud after Narcissus who in Greek myth was a pathologically self-absorbed young man who fell in love with his own reflection in a pool. Freud believed that some narcissism is an essential part of all of us from birth.

It is argued that a reasonable amount of healthy narcissism allows the individual’s perception of his needs to be balanced in relation to others.


The consciousness of our own existence – a general term for all mental processes in which a presentation is brought into connexion with an already existent and systematized mental conception, and thereby is classified, explained or, in a word, understood; e.g. a new scientific phenomenon is explained in the light of phenomena already analysed and classified. The whole intelligent life of man is, consciously or unconsciously, a process of apperception, inasmuch as every act of attention involves the appercipient process.