Shakespeare on Astrology


Edmund ‘This is the excellent foppery of the world, that, when we are sick in fortune,—often the surfeit of our own behaviour,—we make guilty of our disasters the sun, the moon, and the stars; as if we were villains on necessity; fools by heavenly compulsion; knaves, thieves, and treachers by spherical pre-dominance; drunkards, liars, and adulterers by an enforced obedience of planetary influence; and all that we are evil in, by a divine thrusting on: an admirable evasion of whoremaster man, to lay his goatish disposition to the charge of a star! My father compounded with my mother under the dragon’s tail, and my nativity was under ursa major; so that it follows I am rough and lecherous.—Tut!’

– Reed International Books Ltd. 1992. The Illustrated Stratford Shakespeare London, Great Britain: Chancellor Press (1996) p. 836

One Hundred Thousand Years


Not taking into account the first 10,000 years, the following events make up a very brief overview of the next 100,000 years:

  • [+13,000] Earth’s Axial Tilt Reversed: The Earth will tilt away from the Sun in June – the Northern hemisphere will experience more extreme weather due to the higher percentage of land.
  • [+18,860] Calendars Concur: the Islamic and Georgian calendars will share the same year: 20,860.
  • [+20,000] Chernobyl: the damaging radioactivity at Chernobyl, Ukraine will be gone.
  • [+25,000] Arecibo Message: Sent on 16 November 1974, radio data from the Earth will be received by globular cluster Messier 13 at the far side of the galaxy.
  • [+50,000] Greenland Ice Melted: The ice at Greenland will be completely melted with moderate global warming (+2C).
  • [+50,000] KEO Time Capsule: Launched in 2014, the time capsule will re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere. It has enough capacity to carry a four-page message from everyone on Earth.
  • [+50,000] Niagra Falls Disappears: The remaining 32 kilometres to Lake Erie will erode away and the waterfall will cease to exist.
  • [+100,000] Nearby Supernova: the red giant VY Canis Majoris will likely explode into a Hypernova.
  • [+100,000] Laptop Disappearing: The titanium in laptops will start to corrode.
  • [+100,000] Constellations: The stars in the heavens will look completely different due to Earth’s movement through the galaxy.
  • [+100,000] Global disaster: Either a supervolcano or a large climate-altering asteroid will probably have affected the Earth by then.

See other: Events of the Far Future

On Astrology


“The stars, as I have already stated, are attached to the world and not, as the man in the street thinks, assigned to each of us, shining in proportion to our individual lot.”

– Pliny The Elder

Neutron Star‏


Neutron stars are ancient remnants of stars that have reached the end of their evolutionary journey through space and time.

“Astronomy compels the soul to look upwards and leads us from this world to another.” – Plato

English: Artist's illustration of an 'isolated...

Artist’s illustration of an isolated neutron star

These interesting objects are born from once-large stars that grew to four to eight times the size of our own sun before exploding in catastrophic supernovae.

After such an explosion blows a star’s outer layers into space, the core remains—but it no longer produces nuclear fusion.

With no outward pressure from fusion to counterbalance gravity’s inward pull, the star condenses and collapses in upon itself.

Despite their small diameters—about 12.5 miles (20 kilometres)—neutron stars boast nearly 1.5 times the mass of our sun, and are thus incredibly dense. Just a sugar cube of neutron star matter would weigh about one hundred million tons on Earth.

A neutron star’s almost incomprehensible density causes protons and electrons to combine into neutrons—the process that gives such stars their name. The composition of their cores is unknown, but they may consist of a neutron superfluid or some unknown state of matter.

Neutron stars pack an extremely strong gravitational pull, much greater than Earth’s. This gravitational strength is particularly impressive because of the stars’ small size.

“Recognize that the very molecules that make up your body, the atoms that construct the molecules, are traceable to the crucibles that were once the centres of high mass stars that exploded their chemically rich guts into the galaxy, enriching pristine gas clouds with the chemistry of life. So that we are all connected to each other biologically, to the earth chemically and to the rest of the universe atomically. That’s kinda cool! That makes me smile and I actually feel quite large at the end of that. It’s not that we are better than the universe, we are part of the universe. We are in the universe and the universe is in us.” – Neil deGrasse Tyson

When they are formed, neutron stars rotate in space. As they compress and shrink, this spinning speeds up because of the conservation of angular momentum—the same principle that causes a spinning skater to speed up when she pulls in her arms.