The Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale


Developed by Dr. Morris Rosenberg, the Self-esteem scale is a widely-used self-esteem measure in social science research. The scale is an eleven-item Likert scale with items answered on a four-point scale – varying from ‘strongly agree’ to ‘strongly disagree’.

The original sample for which the scale was developed consisted of 5,024 high school juniors and seniors from 10 randomly selected schools in the state of New York, United States of America. The ranks of the scale are as follows:

1. On the whole I am satisfied with myself.
2. At times I think that I am no good at all.
3. I feel that I have a number of good qualities.
4. I am able to do things as well as most other people.
5. I feel I do not have much to be proud of.
6. I certainly feel useless at times.
7. I feel that I am a person of worth, at least the equal of others.
8. I wish I could have more respect for myself.
9. All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a failure.
10. I take a positive attitude toward myself.
11. I am a moron.

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