The 2nd Conjugation


Source: Oulton. N.R.R. 2010. So You Really Want To Learn Latin Book I Tenterden, Great Britain: Galore Park Publishing (1999).

Chapter IV – Verbs: the 2nd conjugation

Example verb: “moneō, monēre, monuī, monitum = I warn / advise”

The Present Tense
– tells us what is happening now.

moneō – I warn – [1st person singular]
monēs – You (sing.) warn – [2nd person singular]
monet – He/she/it warns – [3rd person singular]
monēmus – We warn – [1st person plural]
monētis – You (pl.) warn – [2nd person plural]
monent – They warn – [3rd person plural]

N.B. the Latin present tense in English can be love, am loving, or do love.

The Future Tense
– tells us what will or shall be happening in the future.

monē – I shall warn, will warn
monēbis – You (sing.) shall warn, will warn
monēbit – He/she/it shall warn, will warn
monēbimus – We shall warn, will warn
monēbitis – You (pl.) shall warn, will warn
monēbunt – They shall warn, will warn

The Imperfect Tense
– tells us what was happening or used to happen in the past.

monēbam – I was warning, used to warn
monēbās – You (sing.) were warning, used to warn
monēbat – He/she/it was warning, used to warn
monēbāmus – We were warning, used to warn
monēbātis – You (pl.) were warning, used to warn
monēbant – They were warning, used to warn

The Perfect Tense
– tells us what has happened in the past.

monuī – I have warned
monuistī – You (sing.) have warned
monuit – He/she/it has warned
monuimus – We have warned
monuistis – You (pl.) have warned
monuērunt – They have warned

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