30/iv mmx


What does the Italian word ‘opera’ mean?
– Work

What is gymnophobia a fear of?
– Nudity

Juno, Queen of the Roman gods, derived from what equivalent Greek goddess?
– Hera

Russian-born Igor Sikorsky designed the first successful what?
– Helicopter

What is a ‘petroglyph’?
– A rock engraving

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Deductive Fallacy


A deductive fallacy, or logical fallacy, is defined as a deductive argument that is invalid. The argument itself could have true premises, but still have a false conclusion. Thus, a deductive fallacy is a fallacy where deduction goes wrong, and is no longer a logical process.

Statement 1: Most of the green circle is touching the red circle.
Statement 2: Most of the red circle is touching the blue circle.
Logical fallacy: Since most of the green circle is touching the red, and most of the red circle is touching the blue, most of the green circle must be touching the blue. This, however, is a false statement.

En Banc


En banc, in banc, in banco or in bank is a French term (meaning “on a bench”) used to refer to the hearing of a legal case where all judges of a court will hear the case (an entire “bench”), rather than a panel of them. It is often used for unusually complex cases or cases considered of unusual significance. Appellate courts in the United States sometimes grant rehearing en banc to reconsider a decision of a panel of the court (a panel generally consisting of only three judges) where the case concerns a matter of exceptional public importance or the panel’s decision appears to conflict with a prior decision of the court. In rare instances, an appellate court will order hearing en banc as an initial matter, instead of the panel hearing it first.

Certiorari


Certiorari is a legal term in Roman, English, Philippine and American law referring to a type of writ seeking judicial review. Certiorari (“to be more fully informed”) is the present passive infinitive of Latin certiorare (“to show, prove, or ascertain”). A writ of certiorari currently means an order by a higher court directing a lower court, tribunal, or public authority to send the record in a given case for review.

Writ


In common law, a writ is a formal written order issued by a body with administrative or judicial jurisdiction; in modern usage, this body is generally a court. Warrants, prerogative writs and subpoenas are types of writs; there are many others.

Gynecomastia


Gynecomastia is the development of abnormally large mammary glands in males resulting in breast enlargement. The condition can occur physiologically in neonates, in adolescence, and in the elderly. In adolescent boys the condition is often a source of distress, but for the large majority of boys whose pubescent gynecomastia is not due to obesity, the breast development shrinks or disappears within a couple of years.

The causes of common gynecomastia remain uncertain, although it has generally been attributed to an imbalance of sex hormones or the tissue responsiveness to them; a root cause is rarely determined for individual cases. Breast prominence can result from hypertrophy of breast tissue, chest adipose tissue and skin, and is typically a combination.